Materia Medica: Dandelion

 

 

Common Names:

  • Dandelion
  • Priest’s Crown
  • Swine’s Snout

Botanical Names:

  • Taraxacum Officinale

 

Family name:

  • Asteraceae

Actions:

  • Choleretic
  • Appetite stimulant
  • Digestive bitter
  • Cholagogue
  • Mild purgative
  • Hepatic
  • Tonic
  • Lymphatic
  • Alterative
  • Demulcent
  • Diuretic
  • Anti-Rheumatic
  • Laxative
  • Anti-Inflammatory
  • Anti-Oxidant
  • Nutritive
  • Alkalinizer
  • Lithotriptic
  • Galactagogue

 

 

 Parts used:

  • Whole plant
  • Leaves
  • Flowers
  • roots

 

Taste/smell: Bitter, drying, and cooling

Dosage:

Internal –

  • Decoction: put 2-3 teaspoons of the root into one cup of water, bring to boil and gently simmer for l0-l5 minutes. This should be drunk three times a day. The leaves may be eaten raw in salads. Tincture: take 5-l0 ml of the tincture three times a day.
  • Powdered dried root encapsulated, or powdered and roasted and made into a coffee substitute beverage.

Constituents:

Sesquiterpene lactones, taraxacoside, Triterpenes, Taraxol, Taraxerol, Stigmasterol, Phenolic acids; Caffeic Acids, Polysaccharides, Glucans, Mannans, Inulin, Taraxacin, Acrystalline, Taraxacerin, and Carotenoids such as Lutein and Violaxanthin.

Contraindications:

Recommended that Dandelion not be used by people with obstruction to the bile ducts or other serious diseases of the gallbladder and intestines. The milky latex may cause skin irritation upon contact. Also folks who are allergic to plants in the Asteraceae family should be aware that dandelion is in the same family and may cause allergic reactions.

Drug Interactions:

No known drug interactions

Propagation:

  • Seed – Direct sow from early March to early September. Optimal soil temperature for germination: 50-75°F (10-25°C). Seeds take 14-21 days to germinate. The flowering process begins 56 to 105 from sowing, and continues for the life of the plant. Dandelions are perennial, so in theory, they can produce over a very long time. Preventing the flowers from going to seed is essential for obvious reasons — uncontrolled growth can result in them spreading as noxious weeds. For the best leaves, grow in rich, fertile soil with good drainage. A well cultivated dandelion plant is actually quite luxurious and attractive.
  • Root cuttings will often times sprout new plants

 


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