Materia Medica: Peppermint

Common Names:

  • Mint
  • Peppermint

Botanical Names:

  • Mentha Piperita

Family name:

  • Lamiaceae (Mint Family)

Actions:

  • Digestive
  • Carminative
  • Antispasmodic
  • Diaphoretic
  • Anti-emetic
  • Mild sedative
  • Emmenagogue
  • Peripheral vasodilator
  • Mildly anaesthetic and antiseptic
  • Analgesic
  • Uterine Relaxant
  • Anti-microbial
  • Relaxant
  • Hypertensive
  • Choleretic
  • Cholagogue
  • Hepatic

Parts used: Leaves

Taste/smell: Sweet, spicy, aromatic, cooling

Dosage:

Internal –

  • Infusion: 1 tablespoon per cup of water; or 1:1 fresh strength liquid extract: 10-30 drops 1-4 times per day.

External –

  • Massage Oil: Dilute 1ml Peppermint oil in 25ml-30ml of carrier oil to create a massage oil for cramps, spasms, muscular pains, low backache, sports injuries, stiffness of shoulders or joints.

Constituents:

  • Menthol
  • Menthone
  • Menthofuran
  • Eucalyptol/Cajeputol
  • Menthyl Acetate
  • Neomenthol
  • Beta-Caryophyllene
  • Isomenthone
  • Limonene
  • Pulegol
  • Rosmarinic Acid
  • Eriocitrin
  • Luteolin
  • Hesperidin

Contraindications:

It is contraindicated in pregnancy due to the emmenagogue effects unless used under the guidance of a qualified health care practitioner.
Seeds are poisonous if ingested! Never ingest seeds from any plant within the mint family!

Drug Interactions:
No known drug interactions

Propagation:

  • Seed – Start seed indoors 8 to 10 weeks prior to last spring frost. Or, sow directly outdoors in partially shaded, moist soil. Propagates best through softwood cuttings. Also propagates well through rootball division. Mint seeds generally germinate between 10 and 18 days.

Cultivation:

Mints tend to be extremely invasive, so we suggest you either grow the plant in a pot, and be careful while pruning; or grow in an area you don’t mind it spreading in. Mint loves rich, moist, well-drained soil, and requires little to no maintenance aside from some manicuring in the spring.

Plant in a location with full sun. Peppermint should be planted at least 18-24 inches apart when starting. However, as the stems grow rapidly and the leaves become thin and small as the season advances, we advise you to cut down half of the patch when 6-8 inches high, drying the leaves and putting them in tight jars for winter use.

Then soak the cut over area with liquid manure or another liquid fertilizer (organic if at all possible) in order to stimulate a second crop of foliage. A month later, treat another area similarly. Thus, a steady supply of mint may be had all season

Mints will grow in a relatively wide pH range between 5.6 (mildly acidic) and 7.5 (mildly alkaline) with a preferred range between 6.5 and 7.0

 


*Please note that we are not physicians, and nothing found on our site has been evaluated by the FDA, nor is it meant to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any ailment. Consult a healthcare professional if you have any questions regarding your health!